About India and Indian Religion

ABOUT INDIA :- 

India, officially the Republic of India (Bhārat Gaṇarājya),is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 29 states and 7 union territories.

RELIGIONS IN INDIA :- 

Religion in India is featured by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. Indian subcontinent is the birthplace of some of the world’s major religions; namely Hinduism,Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.
India known as the land of spirituality and philosophy, was the birthplace of some religions.The most dominant religion in India today is Hinduism. About 80% of Indians are Hindus. Hinduism is a colourful religion with a vast gallery of Gods and Goddesses. Hinduism is one of the ancient religions in the world.

HINDUISM – about 82%
ISLAM – about 12%
CHRISTIANITY – about 2.5%
SIKHISM – about 2%
BUDDHISM – about 0.7%
JAINISM – about 0.5%
ZOROASTRIANISM – about 0.01%
JUDAISM – about 0.0005%

Some of our eBooks who describes  Indian Religion

All Men are Brothers

All Men are Brothers is deeply spiritual, morally and intellectually challenging and insightful, as well as providing an autobiographical account of the man himself and his place in history. All Men are Brothers,first published by Unesco in 1918,following a resolution of the ninth session of the General Conference authorizing him ‘to arrange for the publication of a book containing selections from Gandhi’s thoughts preceded by a study of his personality’. “All Men Are Brothers” provides a brief glimpse into the life of an extraordinary man and acts as a call to action for those seeking community built on a foundation of love, truth, and nonviolence.

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Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule

Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule is a small tract written by Gandhi in 1908. Gandhi had been living in South Africa for some years, had been to India on a visit, and on the voyage back to South Africa from London he penned this work in less than ten days, writing with his left hand when his right hand started giving him some pain. Hind Swaraj appeared first in installments in the pages of Indian Opinion, a newspaper founded and edited by Gandhi, and in 1909 was published as a book, though it was proscribed at once by the Government of Bombay. Less than 100 pages long, and comprised of twenty short chapters, Hind Swaraj is cast in the form of a dialogue between Gandhi, who is called “The Editor”, and his interlocutor, known as “The Reader.” In it he expresses his views on Swaraj, modern civilization, mechanisation etc.

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Shri Durga Saptashati

Shri Durga Saptashati which is also known as Devi Mahatmya and Chandi Path is a Hindu religious text describing the victory of the Goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasura. It is part of the Markandeya Purana, written by sage Markandeya.
The text contains Saptashata 700 verses and because of that the whole composition is known as Shri Durga Saptashati. The seven hundred verses are arranged into 13 chapters. For ritual reading purposes a number of subsidiary texts are appended before and after of 700 verses. A ritualistic reading of Shri Durga Saptashati is part of the Navratri celebrations in the honor of the Goddess Durga.

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THE GITA ACCORDING TO GANDHI

The Bhagavad Gita’s emphasis on selfless service was a prime source of inspiration for Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi told-“When doubts haunt me, when disappointments stare me in the face, and I see not one ray of hope on the horizon, I turn to Bhagavad-Gita and find a verse to comfort me; and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming sorrow. Those who meditate on the Gita will derive fresh joy and new meanings from it every day”. The Bhagavad Gita According to Gandhi is based on talks given by Gandhi between February and November 1926 at the Satyagraha Ashram in Ahmedabad, India. During this time—a period when Gandhi had withdrawn from mass political activity—he devoted much of his time and energy to translating the Gita from Sanskrit into his native Gujarati. As a result, he met with his followers almost daily, after morning prayer sessions, to discuss the Gita’s contents and meaning as it unfolded before him. This book is the transcription of those daily sessions.

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BHAGAVAD GITA

Popularly known as “Rajaji,” C. Rajagopalachari, the first Indian Governor General of India, was an ardent patriot, a pioneering social reformer, incisive thinker, profound scholar and author. He was also an eminent statesman and able administrator. Rajaji was an accomplished writer both in his mother tongue Tamil and English. He personified the ideal of simple living and high thinking. He wrote books on the Bhagavad Gita, the Upanishads, Socrates, and Marcus Aurelius in English. Rajaji often regarded his literary works as the best service he had rendered to the people. The Bhagwad Gita is one of the most authoritative sources of Hindu doctrine and ethics, and is accepted as such by Hindus of all denominations. A study of even selections from it, strengthened by earnest meditation, will enable young men and women to understand the religion of our fathers, which is the background of all the noble philosophy, art, literature and civilization that we have inherited. The Bhagavad Gita presents a synthesis of the Brahmanical concept of Dharma, theistic Bhakti, the yogic ideals of Moksha through jnana, bhakti, karma, and Raja Yoga and Samkhya philosophy.

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THE QUR’AN

The Quran, literally meaning “the recitation”; also Romanized Qur’an or Koran, is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Arabic: Allah). It is widely regarded as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language. Quranic chapters are called suras and verses, ayahs. Muslims believe the Quran was verbally revealed by God to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel (Jibril), gradually over a period of approximately 23 years, beginning on 22 December 609 CE, when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632, the year of his death. Muslims regard the Quran as the most important miracle of Muhammad, a proof of his prophethood, and the culmination of a series of divine messages that started with the messages revealed to Adam and ended with Muhammad. Friedrich Max Muller (6 December 1823 – 28 October 1900), generally known as Max Muller, was a German-born philologist and Orientalist, who lived and studied in Britain for most of his life. He was one of the founders of the western academic field of Indian studies and the discipline of comparative religion. Muller wrote both scholarly and popular works on the subject of Indology . E.H. Palmer, a Cambridge scholar, was entrusted with the preparation of a new translation of the Quran for Max Muller′s Sacred Books of the East series.

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