RELIGIOUS AND HOLLY BOOKS BY F. MAX MULLER

RELIGIOUS TEXT :-

Religious texts, also known as scripture, scriptures, holy write, or holy books, are the texts which various religious traditions consider to be sacred, or central to their religious tradition. Many religions and spiritual movements believe that their sacred texts are divinely or supernaturally revealed or inspired.

1. THE QUR’AN

The Quran, literally meaning “the recitation”; also Romanized Qur’an or Koran, is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Arabic: Allah). It is widely regarded as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language. Quranic chapters are called suras and verses, ayahs. Muslims believe the Quran was verbally revealed by God to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel (Jibril), gradually over a period of approximately 23 years, beginning on 22 December 609 CE, when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632, the year of his death. Muslims regard the Quran as the most important miracle of Muhammad, a proof of his prophethood, and the culmination of a series of divine messages that started with the messages revealed to Adam and ended with Muhammad. Friedrich Max Muller (6 December 1823 – 28 October 1900), generally known as Max Muller, was a German-born philologist and Orientalist, who lived and studied in Britain for most of his life. He was one of the founders of the western academic field of Indian studies and the discipline of comparative religion. Muller wrote both scholarly and popular works on the subject of Indology . E.H. Palmer, a Cambridge scholar, was entrusted with the preparation of a new translation of the Quran for Max Muller′s Sacred Books of the East series.

The Quran

 2. THE UPANISHADS PART- I

The Upanishads are a collection of texts which contain some of the central philosophical concepts of Hinduism, some of which are shared with Buddhism and jainism. The Upanishads are considered by Hindus to contain utterances concerning the nature of ultimate reality and describing the character of and path to human salvation (moksa or mukti).

The Upanishads are commonly referred to as Vedanta, variously interpreted to mean either the “last chapters, parts of the Veda” or “the object, the highest purpose of the Veda”. The concepts of Brahman(Ultimate Reality) and Atman (Soul, Self) are central ideas in all the Upanishads, and “Know your Atman” their thematic focus. The Upanishads are the foundation of Hindu philosophical thought and its diverse traditions. Of the Vedic corpus, they alone are widely known, and the central ideas of the Upanishads are at the spiritual core of Hindus.

The Upanishads Part 1

3. THE UPANISHADS PART – II

The Upanishads are a collection of texts which contain some of the central philosophical concepts of Hinduism, some of which are shared with Buddhism and jainism. The Upanishads are considered by Hindus to contain utterances concerning the nature of ultimate reality and describing the character of and path to human salvation (moksa or mukti).
The Upanishads are commonly referred to as Vedanta, variously interpreted to mean either the “last chapters, parts of the Veda” or “the object, the highest purpose of the Veda”. The concepts of Brahman(Ultimate Reality) and Atman (Soul, Self) are central ideas in all the Upanishads, and “Know your Atman” their thematic focus. The Upanishads are the foundation of Hindu philosophical thought and its diverse traditions. Of the Vedic corpus, they alone are widely known, and the central ideas of the Upanishads are at the spiritual core of Hindus.

THIS second volume completes the translation of the principal Upanishads to which Saṅkara appeals in his great commentary on the Vedanta-Sutras, viz.:
1. Khandogya-upanishad,
2. Talavakara or Kena-upanishad,
3. Aitareya-upanishad,
4. Kaushitaki-upanishad,
5. Vagasaneyi or Isa-upanishad,
6. Katha-upanishad,
7. Mundaka-upanishad,
8. Taittiriyaka-upanishad,
9. Brihadaranyaka-upanishad,
10. Svetasvatara-upanishad,
11. Prasna-upanishad.
These eleven have sometimes been called the old and genuine Upanishads, though I should be satisfied to call them the eleven classical Upanishads, or the fundamental Upanishads of the Vedanta philosophy.

THE UPANISHADS2

4. THE SACRED LAWS OF THE ARYAS PART-I

The sacred law of the Aryan Hindus possess a special interest beyond that attaching to other works of the same class. Their discovery enabled Professor Max Muller to dispose finally of the Brahmanical legend according to which Hindu society was supposed to be governed by the codes of ancient sages, compiled for the express purpose of tying down each individual to his station, and of strictly regulating even the smallest acts of his daily life.

The Sacred Laws Of Arya part1

5. THE SACRED LAWS OF THE ARYAS PART-II

The sacred law of the Aryan Hindus possess a special interest beyond that attaching to other works of the same class. Their discovery enabled Professor Max Muller to dispose finally of the Brahmanical legend according to which Hindu society was supposed to be governed by the codes of ancient sages, compiled for the express purpose of tying down each individual to his station, and of strictly regulating even the smallest acts of his daily life.

the sacred laws of the aryas part 2

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