The government on Thursday released the list of 20 cities that have won the smart city challenge, with Bhubaneshwar getting the first rank.
What is a smart city?
Features of smart cities are promoting mixed land use in area based developments; housing and inclusiveness; creating walk-able localities; preserving and developing open spaces; promoting a variety of transport options; making governance citizen-friendly and cost effective; giving an identity to the city; and applying smart solutions to infrastructure and services in area-based development. The smart city mission will help integrate urban planning by addressing the issue of infrastructure, land use planning, transport, urban design and architecture in a holistic manner.
What is the smart cities challenge?
This is an innovative way devised by the government to choose the ideal candidates to transform into smart city. As part of the stage 1, all state governments were asked to short list potential smart city candidates, from which the government selected 98 cities. These candidates were asked to submit a proposal for which they get assistance from a consultant, approved by panel set up by the urban development ministry. This is the stage 2 of the project. The proposals were evaluated by a panel of experts. Probably aimed at preempting all criticisms, the minister on Thursday time and again made it clear that there is no intervention from his ministry in the shortlisting the candidates.
The selection committee has taken into account various parameters such as city vision and strategy, cost effectiveness, credibility of implementation and innovation. Each parameter was assigned a weight. For example, cost effectiveness was accorded 30 percent weight, civilian participation 16 percent, smartness 10 percent and process followed 4 percent.
Criteria of qualify for Smart City:
Smart City Challenge required cities to come up with integrated proposals with maximum analysis and planning. The plan should demonstrate how integrated planning and smart technologies can deliver better quality of life.
- Citizen participation has been mandatory for preparation of smart city plans for which a weightage of 16% was given.
Smart City Plans were prepared by the urban local bodies and the states with no role forurban development ministry.
About Smart Cities Mission
It is scheme of Modi led Government under which 100 smart cities would be built across the country in different states.
- Each selected city would get assistance of 100 crore rupees per year for five years from Union Government to implement the scheme.
- The selected cities will be equipped with basic infrastructure, efficient urban mobility and public transport, IT connectivity and e-governance mechanisms.
In the future, the government plans to announce 40 cities each to be developed as a Smart City.
Here’s the full list of the first 20 smart cities:
1. Bhubaneswar, Odisha
2. Pune, Maharashtra
3. Jaipur, Rajasthan
4. Surat, Gujarat
5. Kochi, Kerala
6. Ahmedabad, Gujarat
7. Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
8. Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
9. Solapur, Maharashtra
10. Davangere, Karnataka
11. Indore, Madhya Pradesh
12. NDMC, Delhi
13. Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
14. Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh
15. Belgaum, Karnataka
16. Udaipur, Rajasthan
17. Guwahati, Assam
18. Chennai, Tamil Nadu
19. Ludhiana, Punjab
20. Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh